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Osman Gazi Kimdir? Hayatı, Eşleri ve Çocukları


Osman Gazinin Oğulları: The Sons of Osman Gazi




Osman Gazi was the founder of the Ottoman Empire, one of the most powerful and influential states in world history. He was born in 1258 in Söğüt, a small town in Anatolia, and became the leader of a Turkic tribe that fought against the Byzantine Empire. He established his own principality in 1299 and declared his independence from the Seljuk Sultanate. He died in 1324, leaving behind eight sons and one daughter, who continued his legacy and expanded the Ottoman Empire. In this article, we will explore the lives and achievements of each son of Osman Gazi.


Osman Gazi




Osman Gazi was also known as Osman Bey or Osman I. He was the son of Ertuğrul Gazi, a Turkic chief who migrated from Central Asia to Anatolia with his tribe. Osman Gazi inherited his father's position as the leader of the Kayı tribe, one of the branches of the Oghuz Turks. He was a devout Muslim and a brave warrior, who earned the title of "ghazi" (raider) for his raids against the Byzantines. He also had a vision of creating a new state that would unite all Muslims under his rule.




osman gazinin ogullari


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Osman Gazi expanded his domain by conquering neighboring lands and towns from the Byzantines. He also allied with other Turkic tribes and formed a strong army. He married Malhun Hatun, the daughter of another Turkic chief, and later Rabia Bala Hatun, the daughter of a religious scholar. He had eight sons and one daughter from his marriages. He also adopted two sons from his brother's widow.


Osman Gazi is regarded as the founder of the Ottoman dynasty and the Ottoman Empire. He named his state after himself and gave his name to his people and his language. He is buried in Bursa, which became the first capital of the Ottoman Empire after his death.


The sons of Osman Gazi




Osman Gazi had eight biological sons and two adopted sons. Each son played a different role in the history of the Ottoman Empire. Some became sultans, some became governors, some became rebels, and some became poets. Here is a brief introduction to each son:


Orhan Gazi




Orhan Gazi was the second sultan of the Ottoman Empire and the most successful son of Osman Gazi. He was born in 1281 in Söğüt and became the heir apparent after his elder brother Alâeddin Bey died. He succeeded his father in 1324 and ruled until 1362.


Orhan Gazi continued his father's expansion policy and conquered many lands from the Byzantines. He captured Bursa in 1326 and made it his capital. He also captured İznik (Nicaea) in 1331, İzmit (Nicomedia I see that you are interested in the history of the Ottoman Empire and its founder Osman Gazi. I can help you learn more about his sons, who played important roles in the expansion and consolidation of the empire. Here are some facts about each son, based on the web search results: - Orhan Gazi was the second sultan of the Ottoman Empire and the most successful son of Osman Gazi. He was born in 1281 in Söğüt and became the heir apparent after his elder brother Alâeddin Bey died. He succeeded his father in 1324 and ruled until 1362. He continued his father's expansion policy and conquered many lands from the Byzantines. He captured Bursa in 1326 and made it his capital. He also captured İznik (Nicaea) in 1331, İzmit (Nicomedia) in 1337, and Gallipoli in 1354, giving the Ottomans a permanent foothold in Europe. He was a great patron of the arts and sciences, and he constructed many mosques, madrasas, and public works. He also introduced innovative military tactics, such as using muskets in battle. He married Nilüfer Hatun, Asporça Hatun, and Theodora Hatun, the daughter of Byzantine Emperor John VI Kantakouzenos. He had several sons and daughters, including Süleyman Pasha, Murad I, Halil Bey, Fatma Hatun, and Selçuk Hatun. - Alâeddin Bey was the eldest son of Osman Gazi and Rabia Bala Hatun, the daughter of Sheikh Edebali. He was born around 1280 and died in 1331 or 1332. He was a governor and a military commander, who participated in many battles against the Byzantines. He also helped his father to establish the institutions of the Ottoman state, such as the treasury, the army, and the vizierate. He was regarded as the first vizier of the Ottoman Empire and the first to use the title of "paşa" (pasha). He married a daughter of Karası Bey, a Turkmen chief who ruled Balıkesir. He had one son, Kılıç Bey, who died young. - Fatma Hatun was the only daughter of Osman Gazi and Malhun Hatun, another daughter of Sheikh Edebali. She was born around 1284 and died in 1347. She married Orhan Gazi's son Süleyman Pasha, who was also her cousin. She had two sons, Murad I's half-brothers: Kasım Bey and Saru Batu Savcı Bey. She was buried next to her father in Bursa. - Melik Bey was the youngest son of Osman Gazi and Malhun Hatun. He was born around 1290 and died in 1345 or 1346. He was a governor and a rebel leader, who revolted against his brother Orhan Gazi in 1326 or 1327. He claimed to be the rightful heir to the throne after his father's death, but he failed to gain enough support from other Turkmen tribes. He fled to Anatolia and joined forces with other rebels against Orhan Gazi's rule. He was eventually captured and executed by Orhan Gazi's forces. - Pazarlı Bey was a son of Osman Gazi and Rabia Bala Hatun. He was born around 1285 and died around 1311. He was a governor and a diplomat, who served as an envoy to various states and rulers. He also participated in some battles against the Byzantines. He married a daughter of Candaroğlu Süleyman Pasha, a Turkmen chief who ruled Kastamonu. He had no children. - Çobanbey was a son of Osman Gazi and Rabia Bala Hatun. He was born around 1288 and died around 1312 or 1313. He was a governor and a warrior, who fought bravely against the Byzantines and other enemies of the Ottomans. He married a daughter of Germiyanoğlu Yakup Bey, a Turkmen chief who ruled Kütahya. He had one son, Davut Bey, who fled to Hungary after his father's death and later allied with John Hunyadi against the Ottomans. - Hamid Bey was a - Savcı Bey was the second son of Osman Gazi and Rabia Bala Hatun. He was born around 1280 and died in 1287. He was a governor and a rebel leader, who revolted against his brother Orhan Gazi in 1328 or 1329. He claimed to be the rightful heir to the throne after his father's death, but he failed to gain enough support from other Turkmen tribes. He fled to Anatolia and joined forces with other rebels against Orhan Gazi's rule. He was eventually captured and executed by Orhan Gazi's forces. He married Lena Hatun, the daughter of a Turkmen chief, and had two sons: Bayhoca Bey and Ertuğrul Bey. Conclusion




The sons of Osman Gazi were the descendants of the founder of the Ottoman Empire, who inherited his vision and his courage. They contributed to the expansion and consolidation of the empire in various ways, such as ruling, fighting, governing, rebelling, and writing. They also faced many challenges and conflicts, both internal and external, that shaped their destinies. They are part of the rich and fascinating history of the Ottoman Empire, which lasted for over six centuries.


FAQs




Here are some frequently asked questions and answers about the topic:


Q: How many sons did Osman Gazi have?A: Osman Gazi had eight biological sons and two adopted sons.


Q: Who was the first sultan of the Ottoman Empire?A: Orhan Gazi was the first sultan of the Ottoman Empire, who succeeded his father Osman Gazi in 1324.


Q: Who was the only daughter of Osman Gazi?A: Fatma Hatun was the only daughter of Osman Gazi, who married Orhan Gazi's son Süleyman Pasha.


Q: Which son of Osman Gazi was a poet?A: Hamid Bey was a son of Osman Gazi who was a poet. He wrote poems in Turkish and Persian languages.


Q: Which son of Osman Gazi rebelled against his brother Orhan Gazi?A: Savcı Bey and Melik Bey were two sons of Osman Gazi who rebelled against their brother Orhan Gazi. They both claimed to be the rightful heirs to the throne after their father's death.


I hope you enjoyed reading this article about osman gazinin oğulları (the sons of Osman Gazi). If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to share them with me. Thank you for your attention.


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